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4.5.13

Jawahar Tourist Places: Jawhar district Hill Station in Nasik



Jawhar : Jawahar Tourist Places: Jawhar district  Hill Station in Nasik

Jawhar hill station is in Thane district of Maharashtra. Gifted with exotic valleys, thick rich forests and pleasant climate, Jawhar offers different type of enjoyment comparing to other hill stations of Maharashtra.
Jawhar Hill Station Thane Maharashtra : Tourist Place

Jawhar Hill Station



Jawhar is a city and a municipal council in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is about 166 km from Mumbai and 80 km from the city of Nasik.


History

The princely state of Jawhar was originally founded in 1343 AD. As a princely state became a part of the Bombay Presidency during the British Raj. The last ruler of the Principality of Indian independence Jawhar was HH Shrimant Raja Patang Shah V (Yashswant Rao) Mukne. The small tribal state of Jawhar, in the Konkan, dates its founding to 1306, making it one of the oldest princely states in the old Bombay Presidency. In that year, a Mukne Jayabha a Poligar, took possession of the fort in Jawhar. His eldest son, Dulbarrao extended its heritage and conquered a large territory, controlling 22 strong, comprising most of Thana and Nasik districts and producing annual revenues of £ 90,000. Was recognized as ruler by the Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq Shah II, receiving the new name of Nimshah and the hereditary title of Raja on June 5, 1343. This event was marked by the creation of a new era of calendar used in the state for more than 600 years.
Nimshah's grandson, Deobarrao, fought I Bahmani Sultan Ahmad Shah. During his capture in Bidar, fell in love with the daughter of the Sultan. The marriage was solemnized after he converted to Islam and took the name of Muhammad Shah. He returned to Jawhar and continued to rule the state without being disturbed by the rest of his life. At his death, the powerful Hindu sardars and nobles refused to recognize his son as his successor, because of their Muslim faith. Instead, they chose Holkarrao Hindu grandson, the younger brother of Nimshah. Since then, his descendants ruled the small state Hindus in relative peace until the advent of Maratha power.
Vikramshah met Raja Shivaji the Great in Shirpaumal, during this historic march to Surat, then joined him in the sack of the city in 1664. However, he soon fell, with the Marathas and was the first Peshwa, Moropant Trimbak Pingle, in 1678. Thereafter, the Marathas slowly and steadily tightened its control over Mukne rulers, annexing district after district and imposing increasing taxes, fees and fines. They took control of the state in 1742, 1758 and 1761. Each time you release control Mukne family provided that the territories were ceded and increased taxes. In 1782 Raja was allowed to keep for himself, a landlocked territory in the mountains, which produced no more than £ 1,500 to £ 2,000 pa
The arrival of British rule brought a degree of stability not seen for over a century. However, development was slow, given the low level of income and revenue administration irregular organization. Improvements Little or nothing was done until the reign of Patangshah IV. A well educated and enlightened ruler, immediately set about improving conditions, streamlining government, building roads, schools and clinics. At his death in 1905, conditions had improved greatly.
The relatively short reigns of the two sons of Patangshah, Vikramshah Krishnashah V and V, also experienced constant improvements. The last call was especially diligent in improving the agricultural sector, the construction of wells, guarantee the rights of young and improving the state's infrastructure. He contributed substantially to the war effort during the First World War, and received a nine-gun salvo in recognition of his services. His early death in 1926 marked the beginning of a ten-year regency for her son, Yeshwantrao Patangshah V. The latter assumed full ruling powers in 1938, after having received perhaps the best education for any family member. He continued the good work done under the regency by the expansion of development activity, promoting the chemical, paper, textile, dyeing, printing, liquor and starch. The government provides free primary education and medical help, spent the middle and high schools, a library and museum center, hospitals and maternity homes, dispensaries and always traveling to rural areas. With the outbreak of World War II, Raja immediately volunteered for service and served four years with the RIAF.
Yeshwantrao Patangshah V assumed the title of Maharaja, shortly before he signed the instrument of accession to the Dominion of India in 1947. Then combined their status in the Bombay Presidency in early next year. He then embarked on a political career, representing his people, both in the national parliament and the whole state. He died in 1978 and was succeeded by his only son, Digvijaysinhrao. The latter died in 1992, leaving his only son, Mahendrasinhrao, to represent his illustrious lineage.
GREETING: 9-guns.
ARMS: a shield in three parts: dexter, dexter tenne a fist holding two crossed arrows (points dexter) and a bow, all argent, sinister, argent a round shield bordured sable or silver in the head, a sword or pointed sinister. Hull: Or. Followers: Leopards Argent or mottled. Motto: "Jawhar State" in Hindi and English or a tenne tape. Lambrequins: Or.
FLAG: A rectangular saffron swallowtail with a star eleven rays, yellow in the canton.

STYLES & TITLES:

 The ruling prince: Mukne Digvijaysinhrao Mahendrasinhrao Shrimant Maharaja, Raja of Jawhar, with the style of His Highness. The consort of the ruling prince: Sakal Soubhagyavati sampanna Rani Shrimant (personal name) Raje Sahiba, with the style of His Highness. The heir Yuvraj Shrimant (personal name) (name of parent) Maharaj. The consort of the heir Yuvaradni Soubhagyavati Shrimant (personal name) Raje Sahiba. Minor children of a ruling prince: Shrimant (personal name) (personal name) (name of parent) Maharaj. The daughters of the ruling prince: Shrimant (personal name) Sahiba Maharaj.

RULES OF SUCCESSION: male primogeniture, to the right of adoption by the recognized head of the family in the absence of natural heirs.
ORDERS AND DECORATIONS: The Medal of Maharaja (Maharaja Padak) instituted by Maharaja Yeshwantrao Patangshah V in 1947 to commemorate his assumption of the title of Maharaja and to reward those who had served the state during his reign. Awarded in a single class.
Sources: State Administration Jowar. 1873/4, 1876/77-1878/79, 1880/81-1884/5. IOR/V/10. India Office Records, British Library, St Pancras, London. Report Jawhar State Administration. 1889/90-1897/98, 1910/11-1928/29. IOR/V/10. India Office Records, British Library, St Pancras, London. C.U. Aitchison. A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighboring countries. Vol. VII containing the Treaties, & c., Relating to the Presidency of Bombay. Part II-Agency Kutch, Cambay, Surat Agency, Jauhar, Janjira, Jagirdars Satara, Kolhapur and Southern Maratha Country Agency, Nasik Savanur Sawantwari Agency, Sind and the United expired. Revised and continued to the June 1, 1906 by authority of the Department of Foreign Affairs. Superintendent of Government Printing, India. Calcutta, 1909. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Thana District. Parts I and II. Superintendent of Government Printing, Bombay, 1882. India and Pakistan Year Book & Who's Who 1948. The Times of India Press, Bombay, 1948. Annual Report of the State administration Jawhar. 1929/30-1944/45. IOR/V/10. India Office Records, British Library, St Pancras, London. List of ruling princes and heads of political relations with the government of Bombay and his top officials, nobles and personages. Government of India Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1931. Saville Marriott and RH Showell, "Rough Notes Linked to the small farm of Jowar in Tanna Collectorate." Selections from the records of the Bombay Government. New Series Political Department of the Government of Bombay, 1856 - No. XXVI. H. H. Raja Yeshwantrao (Maharaja of Jawhar). Jayaba. T & A Constable Ltd to HH The Maharaja of Jawhar, Edinburgh, 1970.

Geography

Jawhar is located at 19.92 ° N 73.23 ° E.  It has an average elevation of 447 meters (1466 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [2] Jawhar had a population of 11,296. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jawhar has an average rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77% and female literacy is 66%. In Jawhar, 14% of the population is 6 years old.

Proposed Jawhar district

Thane district is in the proposal to be divided and separated Jawhar District was carved out of the existing Thane district including the northern tribal talukas of Thane district, including Palghar, Vada, Vikramgad, Jawhar, Mokhada , and Talasari Dahanu talukas in the district proposed Jawhar.



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